HAFA is reintroducing traditional dishes to new generations while supporting farmers.
The Hmong American Farmers Association is helping to feed kids in East St. Paul childcare programs by delivering fresh, healthy produce that connects them to their culture.
HAFA wanted to help children in childcare, many of whom come from low-income families, by providing healthy dietary choices. The program also benefited them by familiarizing the kids with Hmong culture by including Hmong staple foods, such as mustard greens, pea tips and mugwort.
“Their children would go home and would say, ‘I want Tshuaj Hmong hau ntsug Qab,’” HAFA Executive Director Janssen Hang said, referring to the traditional Hmong postpartum soup. “‘I want what Mama Mai created.’”
Following the Vietnam War, thousands of Hmong, mainly from Laos, settled in the Minneapolis- St. Paul area. In an effort to build intergenerational wealth, many of them took up farming. They often face a lack of access to resources, including land, markets, credit and capital.
Hang grew up working on one of these farms. His parents believed the key to success in the United States was through education, an attitude they instilled in their children. They wanted their kids to have careers that were more stable than farming. To help their parents pay for their private school tuition, Hang and his siblings spent summers tending crops in the scorching heat. After returning to school in the fall, they envied classmates who spent their summers relaxing or going on vacation.
Their hard work and devotion to education turned out to be worth it. Hang and his siblings all graduated from college. His family continues farming to this day. The economic struggles faced by his family and the rest of the Hmong farming community inspired Hang and his sister Pakou Hang to start HAFA in 2011.
One way HAFA helps farmers is by introducing them to new markets. Hmong farmers in Minnesota primarily sell produce to farmers markets, which can make income unpredictable. HAFA partners
with M Health Fairview through a program called Veggie Rx to help Hmong immigrants with chronic illnesses such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Through Veggie Rx, patients who cannot afford to buy culturally appropriate fresh foods receive produce from Hmong farmers. The program provides benefits for both producers and consumers by opening up new markets for farmers. It also helps patients incorporate healthier, more familiar foods into their diets.
After its success with Veggie Rx, HAFA started a similar program with childcare providers in East St. Paul managed by Hmong people. HAFA noticed many of these providers were eligible for the federally operated Child and Adult Care Food Program, which reimburses providers for the meals they serve children. This program aims to help children by introducing them to fresh produce, which may encourage them to maintain healthy diets in the future.
As the childcare providers started receiving boxes from HAFA, the program showed another unexpected benefit. By showing the children how to prepare the produce they received, providers introduced them to traditional dishes in Hmong culture they didn’t know about.
In addition to eating the meals, the children also helped prepare them by washing and cutting
“Providers are really engaging the [children] with how to use … produce,” Hang said.
HAFA now wants to expand these programs outside the Hmong community, specifically to Karen and Somali communities in the Twin Cities. Hang said some produce, such as collard greens, is eaten by both Hmong and Somali people.
“Food is medicine, and food connects us all,” Hang said.